A wirelessly powered, biologically inspired ambulatory microrobot

Michael Karpelson, Benjamin H. Waters, Benjamin Goldberg, Brody Mahoney, Onur Ozcan, Andrew Baisch, Pierre-Marie Meyitang, Joshua R. Smith, Robert J. Wood
2014 2014 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (ICRA)  
Onboard power remains a major challenge for miniature robotic platforms. Locomotion at small scales demands high power densities from all system components, while limited payload capacities place severe restrictions on the size of the energy source, resulting in integration challenges and short operating times when using conventional batteries. Wireless power delivery has the potential to allow microrobotic platforms to operate autonomously for extended periods when near a transmitter. This
more » ... ansmitter. This paper describes the first demonstration of RF wireless power transfer in an insect-scale ambulatory robot. A wireless power transmission system based on magnetically coupled resonance is designed for the latest iteration of the Harvard Ambulatory MicroRobot (HAMR), a piezoelectrically driven quadruped that had previously received power through a tether. Custom power and control electronics are designed and implemented on lightweight printed circuit boards that form a part of the mechanical structure of the robot. The integration of the onboard receiver, power and control electronics, and mechanical structure yields a 4cm, 2.1g robot that can operate autonomously in two wireless power transmission scenarios.
doi:10.1109/icra.2014.6907190 dblp:conf/icra/KarpelsonWGMOBMSW14 fatcat:kjhdo62xxzcjxih6wghmahigqq