Journal of Nepal Medical Association
Tuberculosis is a common disease and its incidence is in rising tendency in developed world because of AIDSand transglobal migration. Abdominal tuberculosis is more common in immunocompromised populationand manifests as infection of peritoneum, hollow or solid abdominal organs and abdominal lymphatics withmycobacterium tuberculosis organism. The peritoneum and ileo-cecal region are the most likely sites ofinfection and are involved in the majority of cases by hematogenous spread or through
... owing of infectedsputum from primary pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary tuberculosis is evident in less than half of patientseither in active or latent form. Abdominal tuberculosis has a protean manifestation although the mostcommon clinical feature is the triad of abdominal pain, fever and weight loss. The diagnosis is often delayedbecause of non-specific presentation and is usually made through a combination of radiologic, microbiologic,histopathologic, endoscopic and molecular techniques. None of them provide a gold standard by themselves.However, an algorithm of these diagnostic methods leads to considerably higher precision in the diagnosisof abdominal tuberculosis which primarily necessitates a clinical awareness of this serious health problem.Abdominal tuberculosis is a serious condition and if untreated outcome is fatal. Early diagnosis and immediateinitiation of treatment along with dietary support is crucial for better outcome. Antimicrobial treatment isthe same as for pulmonary tuberculosis and management often requires combination of antituberculardrugs and surgery – for diagnosis as well as therapy.Key Words: Tuberculosis; Abdominal Tuberculosis; Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis.