Hypergraph Partitioning through Vertex Separators on Graphs [article]

Enver Kayaaslan, Ali Pinar, Umit V. Catalyurek, Cevdet Aykanat
2011 arXiv   pre-print
The modeling flexibility provided by hypergraphs has drawn a lot of interest from the combinatorial scientific community, leading to novel models and algorithms, their applications, and development of associated tools. Hypergraphs are now a standard tool in combinatorial scientific computing. The modeling flexibility of hypergraphs however, comes at a cost: algorithms on hypergraphs are inherently more complicated than those on graphs, which sometimes translate to nontrivial increases in
more » ... ing times. Neither the modeling flexibility of hypergraphs, nor the runtime efficiency of graph algorithms can be overlooked. Therefore, the new research thrust should be how to cleverly trade-off between the two. This work addresses one method for this trade-off by solving the hypergraph partitioning problem by finding vertex separators on graphs. Specifically, we investigate how to solve the hypergraph partitioning problem by seeking a vertex separator on its net intersection graph (NIG), where each net of the hypergraph is represented by a vertex, and two vertices share an edge if their nets have a common vertex. We propose a vertex-weighting scheme to attain good node-balanced hypergraphs, since NIG model cannot preserve node balancing information. Vertex-removal and vertex-splitting techniques are described to optimize cutnet and connectivity metrics, respectively, under the recursive bipartitioning paradigm. We also developed an implementation for our GPVS-based HP formulations by adopting and modifying a state-of-the-art GPVS tool onmetis. Experiments conducted on a large collection of sparse matrices confirmed the validity of our proposed techniques.
arXiv:1103.0106v1 fatcat:i76667zblzemxblfny5xbyp26i