Current Literature [stub]

1894 Botanical Gazette  
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more » ... ntent at JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact CURRENT LITERATURE. The Buitenzorg Botanic Garden. Botanic gardens are not common in America, and moreover their usefulness is not generally recognized. From an economic and commercial point of view they are not considered of sufficient value to pay for their maintenance. Even from the purely scientific side of the subject the opinion is by no means unanimous that they are worth as much as they cost. There are good and sufficient reasons for this state of affairs, which, however, need not be rehearsed in this connection. Recently some indications of a change in popular and scientific sentiment have been apparent, encouraged especially by the prominence and acknowledged success of the Missouri Botanic Garden. Probably the botanical public has never been more ready to learn about botanic gardens, their history, their aims, their resources, than now. The recent appearance of the memorial volume' commemorating the seventy-fifth anniversary of the founding of the botanic garden at Buitenzorg, Java, is therefore opportune. The memorial volume was first published in Dutch, but has been translated into German, and a dozen handsome views of the garden added, for the convenience of European botanists, a form that will also, no doubt, be acceptable on this side of the Atlantic. The volume contains, as an introduction, the anniversary address of Dr. M. Treub, the director, upon the "value of a tropical botanic garden," and also very interesting articles giving a history of the garden, description of a stroll through the garden, an account of the herbarium and museum, a descriptive and classified list of the scientific investigations conducted at the garden, and an account of the more important economic plants cultivated, as well as several lists of plants, books, visiting investigators, etc., prepared by the several members of the garden staff. Nearly the whole volume will prove of much interest to botanists in general, quite apart from its local application. The seventy-five years (now nearly seventy-seven years), of existence of the Buitenzorg garden have seen great changes in its fortunes. Founded in 18I7 to secure, test and distribute seeds and cuttings of useful plants to the Dutch colonies, it flourished for nearly a decade, then for a dozen years was reduced to inactivity and nearly abolished 'Der botanische Garten, "'s Lands Plantentuin," zu Buitenzorg auf Java: Festschrift zur Feier seines 75-jahrigen Bestehens (i817-i892). Leipzig, Wilhelm Engelmann, 1893. Roy. 8vo. 426 pp. 12 photogravures. 4 maps. M. 14. 1894.] Current Literature. 75