Modeling of a Deepwater Turbidite Reservoir Conditional to Seismic Data Using Multiple-Point Geostatistics
SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition
TX 75083-3836, U.S.A., fax 01-972-952-9435. Abstract Geological interpretation and seismic data analysis provide two complementary sources of information to model reservoir architecture. Seismic data affords the opportunity to identify geologic patterns and features at a resolution on the order of 10's of feet, while well logs and conceptual geologic models provide information at a resolution on the order of one foot. Both the large-scale distribution of geologic features and their internal
... their internal fine-scale architecture influence reservoir performance. Development and application of modeling techniques that incorporate both large-scale information derived from seismic and fine-scale information derived from well logs, cores, and analog studies represents a significant opportunity to improve reservoir performance predictions. In this paper we present a practical new geostatistical approach for solving this difficult data integration problem and apply it to an actual, prominent reservoir. Traditional geostatistics relies upon a variogram to describe geologic continuity. However, a variogram, which is a two-point measure of spatial variability, cannot describe realistic, curvilinear or geometrically complex patterns. Multiple-point geostatistics uses a training image instead of a variogram to account for geological information. The training image provides a conceptual description of the subsurface geological heterogeneity, containing possibly complex multiple-point patterns of geological heterogeneity. Multiple-point statistics simulation then consists of anchoring these patterns to well data and seismic-derived information. This work introduces a novel alternative approach to traditional Bayesian modeling to incorporate seismic. The focus in this paper lies in demonstrating the practicality, flexibility and CPU-advantage of this new approach by applying it to an actual deep-water turbidite reservoir. Based on well log interpretation and a global geological understanding of the reservoir architecture, a training image depicting sinuous sand bodies is generated using a non-conditional object-based simulation algorithm. Disconnected sand bodies are interpreted from seismic amplitude data using a principal component cluster analysis technique. In addition, a map of local sand probabilities obtained from a principal component proximity transform of the same seismic is generated. Multiple-point geostatistics then simulates multiple realizations of channel bodies constrained to the local sand probabilities, partially interpreted sand bodies and well-log data. The CPU-time is comparable to traditional geostatistical methods.