Machine Learning and Its Application in Skin Cancer

Kinnor Das, Clay J. Cockerell, Anant Patil, Paweł Pietkiewicz, Mario Giulini, Stephan Grabbe, Mohamad Goldust
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Artificial intelligence (AI) has wide applications in healthcare, including dermatology. Machine learning (ML) is a subfield of AI involving statistical models and algorithms that can progressively learn from data to predict the characteristics of new samples and perform a desired task. Although it has a significant role in the detection of skin cancer, dermatology skill lags behind radiology in terms of AI acceptance. With continuous spread, use, and emerging technologies, AI is becoming more
more » ... idely available even to the general population. AI can be of use for the early detection of skin cancer. For example, the use of deep convolutional neural networks can help to develop a system to evaluate images of the skin to diagnose skin cancer. Early detection is key for the effective treatment and better outcomes of skin cancer. Specialists can accurately diagnose the cancer, however, considering their limited numbers, there is a need to develop automated systems that can diagnose the disease efficiently to save lives and reduce health and financial burdens on the patients. ML can be of significant use in this regard. In this article, we discuss the fundamentals of ML and its potential in assisting the diagnosis of skin cancer.
doi:10.3390/ijerph182413409 pmid:34949015 pmcid:PMC8705277 fatcat:dvmastcq5rgxdn7izt7brlg7iq