Smart farming becomes even smarter with deep learning – a bibliographical analysis

Zeynep Unal
2020 IEEE Access  
Smart farming is a new concept that makes agriculture more efficient and effective by using advanced information technologies. The latest advancements in connectivity, automation, and artificial intelligence enable farmers better to monitor all procedures and apply precise treatments determined by machines with superhuman accuracy. Farmers, data scientists and, engineers continue to work on techniques that allow optimizing the human labor required in farming. With valuable information resources
more » ... improving day by day, smart farming turns into a learning system and becomes even smarter. Deep learning is a type of machine learning method, using artificial neural network principles. The main feature by which deep learning networks are distinguished from neural networks is their depth and that feature makes them capable of discovering latent structures within unlabeled, unstructured data. Deep learning networks that do not need human intervention while performing automatic feature extraction have a significant advantage over previous algorithms. The focus of this study is to explore the advantages of using deep learning in agricultural applications. This bibliography reviews the potential of using deep learning techniques in agricultural industries. The bibliography contains 120 papers from the database of the Science Citation Index on the subject that were published between 2016 and 2019. These studies have been retrieved from 39 scientific journals. The papers are classified into the following categories as disease detection, plant classification, land cover identification, precision livestock farming, pest recognition, object recognition, smart irrigation, phenotyping, and weed detection. INDEX TERMS Machine learning, internet of things, precision agriculture, artificial neural networks.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3000175 fatcat:2tc4hdx3gzdczdl4jv2wagmya4