Macromolecular crowding links ribosomal protein gene dosage to growth rate in Vibrio cholerae [article]

Alfonso Soler-Bistué, Sebastián Aguilar-Pierlé, Marc Garcia-Garcerá, Marie-Eve Val, Odile Sismeiro, Hugo Varet, Rodrigo Sieira, Evelyne Krin, Ole Skovgaard, Diego J Comerci, Eduardo PC Rocha, Didier Mazel
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Ribosomal protein (RP) genes locate near the replication origin (oriC) in fast-growing bacteria, which is thought to have been selected as a translation optimization strategy. Relocation of s10-spc-α locus (S10), which codes for most of the RP, to ectopic genomic positions shows that its relative distance to the oriC correlates to a reduction on its dosage, its expression, and bacterial growth rate. Deep-sequencing revealed that S10 relocation altered chromosomal replication dynamics and
more » ... wide transcription. Such changes increased as a function of oriC-S10 distance. Strikingly, in this work we observed that protein production capacity was independent of S10 position. Since RP constitute a large proportion of cell mass, lower S10 dosage could lead to changes in macromolecular crowding, impacting cell physiology. Accordingly, cytoplasm fluidity was higher in mutants where S10 is most distant from oriC. In hyperosmotic conditions, when crowding differences are minimized, the growth rate and replication dynamics were highly alleviated in these strains. Therefore, on top of its essential function in translation, RP genomic location contributes to sustain optimal macromolecular crowding. This is a novel mechanism coordinating DNA replication with bacterial growth.
doi:10.1101/619304 fatcat:a4xrpoh2lncptnniwwpafaeqry