A software architecture for service robots manipulating objects in human environments

Changjoo Nam, Seokjun Lee, Jeongho Lee, Sang Hun Cheong, Dong Hwan Kim, Changhwan Kim, Incheol Kim, Sung-Kee Park
2020 IEEE Access  
This paper presents a software architecture for robots providing manipulation services autonomously in human environments. In an unstructured human environment, a service robot often needs to perform tasks even without human intervention and prior knowledge about tasks and environments. For autonomous execution of tasks, varied processes are necessary such as perceiving environments, representing knowledge, reasoning with the knowledge, and planning for task and motion. While developing each of
more » ... the processes is important, integrating them into a working system for deployment is also important as a robotic system can bring tangible outcomes when it works in real world. However, such an architecture has been rarely realized in the literature owing to the difficulties of a full integration, deployment, understanding high-level goals without human interventions. In this work, we suggest a software architecture that integrates the components necessary to perform tasks by a real robot without human intervention. We show our architecture composed of deep learning based perception, symbolic reasoning, AI task planning, and geometric motion planning. We implement a deep neural network that produces information about the environment, which are then stored in a knowledge base. We implement a reasoner that processes the knowledge to use the result for task planning. We show our implementation of the symbolic task planner that generates a sequence of motion predicates. We implement an interface that computes geometric information necessary for motion planning to execute the symbolic task plans. We describe the deployment of the architecture through the result of lab tests and a public demonstration. The architecture is developed based on Robot Operating System (ROS) so compatible with any robot that is capable of object manipulation and mobile navigation running in ROS. We deploy the architecture to two different robot platforms to show the compatibility.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3003991 fatcat:ttqqchxburch7bb3gioam63xxa