Bone Morphogenetic Protein (BMP) Type II Receptor Deletion Reveals BMP Ligand-specific Gain of Signaling in Pulmonary Artery Smooth Muscle Cells
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) ligands signal by binding the BMP type II receptor (BMPR2) or the activin type II receptors (ActRIIa and ActRIIb) in conjunction with type I receptors to activate SMADs 1, 5, and 8, as well as members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase family. Loss-of-function mutations in Bmpr2 have been implicated in tumorigenesis and in the etiology of primary pulmonary hypertension. Because several different type II receptors are known to recognize BMP ligands, the
... P ligands, the specific contribution of BMPR2 to BMP signaling is not defined. Here we report that the ablation of Bmpr2 in pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells, using an ex vivo conditional knock-out (Cre-lox) approach, as well as small interfering RNA specific for Bmpr2, does not abolish BMP signaling. Disruption of Bmpr2 leads to diminished signaling by BMP2 and BMP4 and augmented signaling by BMP6 and BMP7. Using small interfering RNAs to inhibit the expression of other BMP receptors, we found that wild-type cells transduce BMP signals via BMPR2, whereas BMPR2deficient cells transduce BMP signals via ActRIIa in conjunction with a set of type I receptors distinct from those utilized by BMPR2. These findings suggest that disruption of Bmpr2 leads to the net gain of signaling by some, but not all, BMP ligands via the activation of ActRIIa.