Cosmogenic Nuclei Production Rate on the Lunar Surface [article]

Tie-Kuang Dong, Su-Jun Yun, Tao Ma, Jin Chang, Wu-Dong Dong, Xiao-Ping Zhang, Guo-Long Li, Zhong-Zhou Ren
2013 arXiv   pre-print
A physical model of Geant4-based simulation of galactic cosmic ray (GCR) particles interaction with the lunar surface matter has been developed to investigate the production rate of cosmogenic nuclei. In this model the GCRs, mainly very high energy protons and α particles, bombard the surface of the Moon and produce many secondary particles such as protons and neutrons. The energies of proton and neutron at different depths are recorded and saved into ROOT files, and the analytical expressions
more » ... or the differential proton and neutron fluxes are obtained through the best-fit procedure under the ROOT software. To test the validity of this model, we calculate the production rates of long-lived nuclei ^10Be and ^26Al in the Apollo 15 long drill core by combining the above differential fluxes and the newly evaluated spallation reaction cross sections. Numerical results show that the theoretical production rates agree quite well with the measured data. It means that this model works well. Therefore, it can be expected that this model can be used to investigate the cosmogenic nuclei in lunar samples returned by Chinese lunar exploration program and can be extended to study other objects, such as the meteorites and the Earth's atmosphere.
arXiv:1309.1833v1 fatcat:mlwj4pqfh5hjlep623kowcj2dq