Identification of A Key Major-Effect QTL Associated With Pre-Harvest Sprouting in Cucumber (Cucumis Sativus L.) Using the QTL-Seq Method
Background: Cucumber (Cucumis sativusL.) is cultivated worldwide, and it is essential to produce enough high-quality seeds to meet demand. Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) in cucumber is a critical problem and causes serious damage to seed production and quality. Nevertheless, the genetic basis and molecular mechanisms underlying cucumber PHS remain unclear. QTL-seq is an efficient approach for rapid quantitative trait loci (QTL) identificationthat simultaneously takes advantage of bulked-segregant
... f bulked-segregant analysis (BSA) and whole-genome resequencing. In the present research, QTL-seq analysis was performed to identify QTLs associated with PHS in cucumber using an F2 segregating population.Results: Two QTLs that spanned 7.3 Mb on Chromosome 4 and 0.15 Mb on Chromosome 5 were identified by QTL-seq and named qPHS4.1and qPHS5.1, respectively. Subsequently, SNP and InDel markers selected fromthe candidate regions were used to refine the intervals using the extended F2populations grown in the 2016 and 2017 seasons. Finally, qPHS4.1 was narrowed to 0.53 Mb on chromosome 4 flanked by the markers SNP-16 and SNP-24 and was found to explain 19-22% of the phenotypic variation in cucumber PHS. These results reveal that qPHS4.1 is the key major-effect QTL associated with PHS in cucumber. Based on gene annotations and qRT-PCR expression analyses, Csa4G622760and Csa4G622800 were proposed as the candidate genes. Conclusions: These results provide novel insights into the genetic mechanism controlling PHS in cucumber and highlight the potential for marker-assisted selection of PHS resistance breeding.