Recent Approaches, Catalysts and Formulations for Enhanced Recovery of Heavy Crude Oils

Umar Gaya
2021 Periodica Polytechnica: Chemical Engineering  
Crude oil deposits as light/heavy form all over the world. With the continued depletion of the conventional crude and reserves trending heavier, the interest to maximise heavy oil recovery continues to emerge in importance. Ordinarily, the traditional oil recovery stages leave behind a large amount of heavy oil trapped in porous reservoir structure, making the imperative of additional or enhanced oil recovery (EOR) technologies. Besides, the integration of downhole in-situ upgrading along with
more » ... il recovery techniques not only improves the efficiency of production but also the quality of the produced oil, avoiding several surface handling costs and processing challenges. In this review, we present an outline of chemical agents underpinning these enabling technologies with a focus on the current approaches, new formulations and future directions.
doi:10.3311/ppch.17236 fatcat:3czuz3zapjf67ktmtlqzoqwhea