Classification, Synthetic, and Characterization Approaches to Nanoparticles, and Their Applications in Various Fields of Nanotechnology: A Review

Yousaf Khan, Haleema Sadia, Syed Zeeshan Ali Shah, Muhammad Naeem Khan, Amjad Ali Shah, Naimat Ullah, Muhammad Farhat Ullah, Humaira Bibi, Omar T. Bafakeeh, Nidhal Ben Khedher, Sayed M. Eldin, Bandar M. Fadhl (+1 others)
2022 Catalysts  
Nanoparticles typically have dimensions of less than 100 nm. Scientists around the world have recently become interested in nanotechnology because of its potential applications in a wide range of fields, including catalysis, gas sensing, renewable energy, electronics, medicine, diagnostics, medication delivery, cosmetics, the construction industry, and the food industry. The sizes and forms of nanoparticles (NPs) are the primary determinants of their properties. Nanoparticles' unique
more » ... tics may be explored for use in electronics (transistors, LEDs, reusable catalysts), energy (oil recovery), medicine (imaging, tumor detection, drug administration), and more. For the aforementioned applications, the synthesis of nanoparticles with an appropriate size, structure, monodispersity, and morphology is essential. New procedures have been developed in nanotechnology that are safe for the environment and can be used to reliably create nanoparticles and nanomaterials. This research aims to illustrate top-down and bottom-up strategies for nanomaterial production, and numerous characterization methodologies, nanoparticle features, and sector-specific applications of nanotechnology.
doi:10.3390/catal12111386 fatcat:m42dpwabgzdwxmj2zjuav65spy