Frequency of diabetes mellitus in the population of Usheri Dara, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

2015 Applied Science Reports  
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood glucose (HBG) either because of low production of insulin by the pancreas or receptors do not respond to insulin secreted. The present study is a part of survey regarding the frequency of DM in Usheri Dara (UD), Dir Upper (DU), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP), Pakistan during June 2013-August 2014. A questionnaire was designed having information about the most of aspects of DM. They were distributed randomly among the people
more » ... 00) of the community of UD, which was divided in 7 quadrates, viz., Katten, Jabbar, Almas, Tarpatar, Usheri Khas, Batal and Garkohi. Out of 500 respondents, 66 were found to have DM, thus making a frequency rate of 13.2%. However, maximum (8.6%) of the DM patients feel increased thirst and frequent urination at night, moreover, minimum (1.8%) of them feel decreased appetite. Further, in maximum number (6%) of the patient, DM occurred at the age of 31-45 years, furthermore, in minimum (0.6%) of them at the age of 2-15 years. However, maximum number (6%) of family members of patients suffered from DM was 4-7, moreover, minimum (0.6%) were 1-3. Further, insulin used by maximum numbers (5%) of DM patients was humulin70/30. Furthermore, minimum (0.4%) of them use lispro. However, medicines used by maximum numbers (3.4%) of DM patients were orinase tablets, moreover, minimum (1%) of them use glucophage. It was concluded that the most common occurring age of DM at diagnosis was 31-45 years. Consequently, adopting healthy life style and use of proper treatment is recommended.
doi:10.15192/pscp.asr.2015.10.3.150155 fatcat:2h7hexudrbd6lpnv6obfgcp5be