Using semi-structured interview to asses social desirability and integrity

Nikola Minarčíková, Marek Preiss
2018 Psychology and its Contexts  
This paper deals with two constructs – social desirability and integrity. Both constructs are related to honesty and trustfulness. Socially desirable responding interferes with accurate self-presentation and therefore can contaminate data from self-report questionnaires (Paulhus, 2002). Person with integrity is one who is not only honest but also has a strong sense for moral principles and is consistent (Dudzinski, 2004). Integrity is one of character strengths and virtues (Peterson &
more » ... eterson & Seligmana, 2004a). Integrity and social desirability are operationalized by questionnaires. Using qualitative methods to assess social desirability and integrity can help to establish a conceptual framework of both vaguely defines constructs (Barnard, Schurink, & De Beer, 2008). The main aim of this study is to develop a semi-structured interview assessing integrity and social desirability. The interview is based on original Czech test battery focusing on integrity at the workplace – Integrita v Pracovním Prostředí (Příhodová et al., 2017). Specifically, overt integrity test Integrita v Pracovním a Běžném Životě alongside with questionnaire assessing social desirability was used. Semantic and correlation analysis of these two questionnaires helped to create a total of eight questions forming the semi-structured interview. The questions mainly cover lying, cheating and theft. Each question includes a short story from everyday life, and the respondent is asked to judge his or her behaviour in the presented situation and subsequently the behaviour of others as well. Respondents are asked to judge behaviour of others because it´s hypothesised that dishonest behaviour is more likely to occur in respondents who approve of dishonest behaviour of others, in those who have a positive attitude towards dishonest behaviour in general and in those who have behaved dishonestly in the past (Van Iddekinge, Roth, Raymark, & Odle-Dusseau, 2012). Eight respondents (4 women, 4 men, 21 to 61 years old) from department n.2 of National Institute of Mental [...]
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