Antibodies Against the C-Terminus of ApoA-1 Are Inversely Associated with Cholesterol Efflux Capacity and HDL Metabolism in Subjects with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Robin Dullaart, Sabrina Pagano, Frank Perton, Nicolas Vuilleumier
2019 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
We determined relationships of cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), plasma cholesterol esterification (EST) and cholesteryl ester transfer (CET) with anti-c-terminus apoA-1 (Ac-terAA1) and anti-apolipoprotein (apo)-1 (AAA1) autoantibodies in subjects with and without Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Methods: In 75 T2D subjects and 75 nondiabetic subjects, Ac-terAA1 and AAA1 plasma levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CEC was measured as [3H]-cholesterol efflux from human
more » ... lux from human cultured fibroblasts to diluted individual subject plasma. Plasma EST and CET were assayed by isotope methods. Results: Ac-terAA1 and AAA1 levels and were similar between T2D and control subjects. Univariate regression analysis (n = 150) demonstrated that Ac-terAA1 levels were inversely correlated with CEC, EST, CET, total cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and apolipoprotein B, (p < 0.05 to p < 0.01), but not with glucose and HbA1c. In separate multivariable linear regression models, CEC, EST and CET were inversely associated with Ac-terAA1 levels independently of age, sex, T2D and drug use (β = −0.186, p = 0.026; β = −0.261, p < 0.001; and β = −0.321, p < 0.001; respectively). These associations were lost after additional adjustment for non-HDL cholesterol and triglycerides. No associations were observed for AAA1. Conclusions: CEC, plasma EST and CET are inversely associated with Ac-terAA1 autoantibodies, conceivably attributable to an inverse relationship of these autoantibodies with apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins.
doi:10.3390/ijms20030732 fatcat:ypbiawja2vbafntdonm7jnghwm