Antibodies Against the C-Terminus of ApoA-1 Are Inversely Associated with Cholesterol Efflux Capacity and HDL Metabolism in Subjects with and without Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
We determined relationships of cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), plasma cholesterol esterification (EST) and cholesteryl ester transfer (CET) with anti-c-terminus apoA-1 (Ac-terAA1) and anti-apolipoprotein (apo)-1 (AAA1) autoantibodies in subjects with and without Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D). Methods: In 75 T2D subjects and 75 nondiabetic subjects, Ac-terAA1 and AAA1 plasma levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CEC was measured as [3H]-cholesterol efflux from human
... lux from human cultured fibroblasts to diluted individual subject plasma. Plasma EST and CET were assayed by isotope methods. Results: Ac-terAA1 and AAA1 levels and were similar between T2D and control subjects. Univariate regression analysis (n = 150) demonstrated that Ac-terAA1 levels were inversely correlated with CEC, EST, CET, total cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, triglycerides and apolipoprotein B, (p < 0.05 to p < 0.01), but not with glucose and HbA1c. In separate multivariable linear regression models, CEC, EST and CET were inversely associated with Ac-terAA1 levels independently of age, sex, T2D and drug use (β = −0.186, p = 0.026; β = −0.261, p < 0.001; and β = −0.321, p < 0.001; respectively). These associations were lost after additional adjustment for non-HDL cholesterol and triglycerides. No associations were observed for AAA1. Conclusions: CEC, plasma EST and CET are inversely associated with Ac-terAA1 autoantibodies, conceivably attributable to an inverse relationship of these autoantibodies with apolipoprotein B-containing lipoproteins.