Recent developments and future prospects for encapsulation of organic solar cells

S. K. Jha, Sanchit Gupta
2016 Proceedings of the International Conference on Nanotechnology for Better Living   unpublished
LYLVLRQ RI ,QVWUXPHQWDWLRQ DQG &RQWURO (QJLQHHULQJ 1HWDML 6XEKDV ,QVWLWXWH RI 7HFKQRORJ\ 1HZ 'HOKL ,QGLD (PDLO MKDVN#JPDLOFRP JVDQFKLW#JPDLOFRP 7KH 2UJDQLF VRODU FHOO 26& RU FRPPRQO\ NQRZQ DV DQ RUJDQLF SKRWR YROWDLF KDV PDQ\ DGYDQWDJHV RYHU WKH FRQYHQWLRQDOO\ XVHG VLOLFRQ MXQFWLRQ VRODU FHOOV OLNH IOH[LELOLW\ ORZHU SURFHVVLQJ FRVWV DQG D OHVVHU DGYHUVH HIIHFW RQ WKH HQYLURQPHQW %XW LW VXIIHUV IURP WZR PDMRU GUDZEDFNV ,W KDV D ORZHU SRZHU FRQYHUVLRQ HIILFLHQF\ DQG D VKRUWHU OLIHWLPH 7KH DFWLYH
more »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
doi:10.3850/978-981-09-7519-7nbl16-rps-264 fatcat:2s3d5efm4fetzlt7g7mohoiaj4