A Comparison of Underwater Gait Training with Additional Weight Application and Over-ground Gait Training to Improve Balance and Lower Extremity Strength in Persons with Stroke

Jae-Ho Park, Yijung Chung
2017 The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy  
Purpose: This purpose of this study was to compare additionally applied weight underwater gait training and over-ground gait training to improve balance and lower extremity strength in stroke patients. Methods: Subjects were randomly allocated into two groups. Underwater gait training group (n = 10) and Over-ground gait training group (n= 9). The groups performed their respective programs as well as conventional physical therapy 3 times/week for 6 weeks. All subjects were assessed with the Berg
more » ... essed with the Berg balance scale test, the timed up and go test, and the medical research council test pre and post intervention. A paired t test was applied to compare the differences before and after the intervention, and an independent t test was used to compare the differences between the groups. The level of statistical significance was set at p< 0.05. Results: The results showed that subjects in the underwater gait training group had a significantly increased Berg balance scale, timed up and go, and medical research council scores (p< 0.05), and over-ground gait training group showed a significantly increased medical research council score (p< 0.05) after intervention. The underwater gait training group showed a more significant improvement in medical research council, Berg balance scale and the timed up and go test scores compared to the over-ground gait training group (p< 0.05). Conclusion: Findings of this study suggest that applying additional weight during underwater gait training improves lower extremity strength and balance in stroke patients. It' findings can contribute to the development of more efficient rehabilitation for stroke patients. training compared to over-ground gait training showed an increase in the ratio of single limb stance phase of the affected side, an increase in the ratio of the swing phase on the non-affected side, a de-This is an Open Access article distribute under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial License (Http:// creativecommons.org/license/by-nc/4.0.) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution,and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
doi:10.18857/jkpt.2017.29.2.101 fatcat:mmpewfrdcjgkbewwqzekqtq35q