Collisional Ring Galaxies in Small Groups

C. Horellou
2000 International Astronomical Union Colloquium  
AbstractThe probability of plunging orbits is enhanced in groups of galaxies and indeed, observations show that ring galaxies, which are believed to form when a galaxy passes through the center of a larger rotating disk, are often found in small groups. Numerical simulations combined with a knowledge of the large-scale H I distribution provide strong constraints on the dynamical history of these systems and on the identity of the intruder. Here we present a numerical model of the Cartwheel
more » ... y which supports the suggestion that the most distant companion is the intruder. We also present high-resolution H I observations of the more irregular system Arp 119 that reveal a possible connection to the most distant companion.
doi:10.1017/s0252921100055111 fatcat:zzjz7ktszrbavjlvccxmai7au4