An Enhanced Double-Filter Deep Residual Neural Network for Generating Super Resolution DEMs

Annan Zhou, Yumin Chen, John P. Wilson, Heng Su, Zhexin Xiong, Qishan Cheng
2021 Remote Sensing  
High-resolution DEMs are important spatial data, and are used in a wide range of analyses and applications. However, the high cost to obtain high-resolution DEM data over a large area through sensors with higher precision poses a challenge for many geographic analysis applications. Inspired by the convolution neural network (CNN) excellent performance in super-resolution (SR) image analysis, this paper investigates the use of deep residual neural networks and low-resolution DEMs to generate
more » ... -resolution DEMs. An enhanced double-filter deep residual neural network (EDEM-SR) method is proposed, which uses filters with different receptive field sizes to fuse and extract features and reconstruct a more realistic high-resolution DEM. The results were compared with those generated with the bicubic, bilinear, and EDSR methods. The numerical accuracy and terrain feature preserving effects of the EDEM-SR method can generate reconstructed DEMs that better match the original DEMs, show lower MAE and RMSE, and improve the accuracy of the terrain parameters. MAE is reduced by about 30 to 50% compared with traditional interpolation methods. The results show how the EDEM-SR method can generate high-resolution DEMs using low-resolution DEMs.
doi:10.3390/rs13163089 fatcat:e6eo2ddcrvfvtl63ev4withaae