Sex Differences in Risk and Resilience: Stress Effects on the Neural Substrates of Emotion and Motivation

Cara L. Wellman, Debra A. Bangasser, Justin L. Bollinger, Laurence Coutellier, Marian L. Logrip, Kelly M. Moench, Kimberly R. Urban
2018 Journal of Neuroscience  
Risk for stress-sensitive psychopathologies differs in men and women, yet little is known about sex-dependent effects of stress on cellular structure and function in corticolimbic regions implicated in these disorders. Determining how stress influences these regions in males and females will deepen our understanding of the mechanisms underlying sex-biased psychopathology. Here, we discuss sex differences in CRF regulation of arousal and cognition, glucocorticoid modulation of amygdalar
more » ... amygdalar physiology and alcohol consumption, the agedependent impact of social stress on prefrontal pyramidal cell excitability, stress effects on the prefrontal parvalbumin system in relation to emotional behaviors, contributions of stress and gonadal hormones to stress effects on prefrontal glia, and alterations in corticolimbic structure and function after cessation of chronic stress. These studies demonstrate that, while sex differences in stress effects may be nuanced, nonuniform, and nonlinear, investigations of these differences are nonetheless critical for developing effective, sex-specific treatments for psychological disorders.
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1673-18.2018 fatcat:2mgparnovja5jbi2vp2s6lcjva