Psychological distress in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator

Tsuyoshi Shiga, MD, Tsuyoshi Suzuki, MD, Katsuji Nishimura, MD
2013 Journal of Arrhythmia  
Despite the effectiveness of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), its implantation and concomitant therapies, including shocks, can induce psychological distress in patients. Depression has been observed in approximately 30% of ICD patients, and shocks may contribute to the persistence of depression. Anxiety is common, with reports of 24-87% of ICD patients experiencing symptoms of anxiety after implantation, and type D personality and ICD-related concerns may play important roles
more » ... the level of anxiety in ICD patients. However, the association between ICD shocks and anxiety is controversial. The prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in ICD patients is approximately 20%, and type D personality, comorbidities, and frequent shocks may contribute to PTSD. It is also important to pay attention to the psychological distress in the partners of ICD patients.
doi:10.1016/j.joa.2013.05.006 fatcat:xnaediddl5grhlu7njknmzjzdy