First-Principles Calculation of Copper Oxide Superconductors That Supports the Kamimura-Suwa Model

Hiroshi Kamimura, Masaaki Araidai, Kunio Ishida, Shunichi Matsuno, Hideaki Sakata, Kenji Shiraishi, Osamu Sugino, Jaw-Shen Tsai
2020 Condensed Matter  
In 1986 Bednorz and Műller discovered high temperature superconductivity in copper oxides by chemically doping holes into La2CuO4 (LCO), the antiferromagnetic insulator. Despite intense experimental and theoretical research during the past 34 years, no general consensus on the electronic-spin structures and the origin of pseudogap has been obtained. In this circumstance, we performed a first-principles calculation of underdoped cuprate superconductors La2-xSrxCuO4 (LSCO) within the
more » ... zed gradient approximation of the density functional theory. Our calculations clarify first the important role of the anti Jahn-Teller (JT) effect, the backward deformation against the JT distortion in La2CuO4 by doping extra holes. The resulting electronic structure agrees with the two-component theory provided by the tight-binding model of Kamimura and Suwa (K-S), which has been also used to elucidate the d-wave superconductivity. Our first-principles calculation thus justifies the K-S model and demonstrates advanced understanding of cuprates. For example, the remarkable feature of our calculations is the appearance of the spin-polarized band with a nearly flat-band character, showing the peaky nature in the density of states at the Fermi level.
doi:10.3390/condmat5040069 fatcat:vs3vtm7icngh5biwyuqebj7eyy