Cell Aggregate Assembly through Microengineering for Functional Tissue Emergence

Gozde Eke, Laurence Vaysse, Xi Yao, Mélanie Escudero, Audrey Carrière, Emmanuelle Trevisiol, Christophe Vieu, Christian Dani, Louis Casteilla, Laurent Malaquin
2022 Cells  
Compared to cell suspensions or monolayers, 3D cell aggregates provide cellular interactions organized in space and heterogeneity that better resume the real organization of native tissues. They represent powerful tools to narrow down the gap between in vitro and in vivo models, thanks to their self-evolving capabilities. Recent strategies have demonstrated their potential as building blocks to generate microtissues. Developing specific methodologies capable of organizing these cell aggregates
more » ... nto 3D architectures and environments has become essential to convert them into functional microtissues adapted for regenerative medicine or pharmaceutical screening purposes. Although the techniques for producing individual cell aggregates have been on the market for over a decade, the methodology for engineering functional tissues starting from them is still a young and quickly evolving field of research. In this review, we first present a panorama of emerging cell aggregates microfabrication and assembly technologies. We further discuss the perspectives opened in the establishment of functional tissues with a specific focus on controlled architecture and heterogeneity to favor cell differentiation and proliferation.
doi:10.3390/cells11091394 pmid:35563700 pmcid:PMC9102731 fatcat:2545zuwck5ehnewseym7ulqewu