Rhotekin, a New Putative Target for Rho Bearing Homology to a Serine/Threonine Kinase, PKN, and Rhophilin in the Rho-binding Domain

Tim Reid, Tomoyuki Furuyashiki, Toshimasa Ishizaki, Go Watanabe, Naoki Watanabe, Kazuko Fujisawa, Narito Morii, Pascal Madaule, Shuh Narumiya
1996 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Using a mouse embryo cDNA library, we conducted a two-hybrid screening to identify new partners for the small GTPase Rho. One clone obtained by this procedure contained a novel cDNA of 291 base pairs and interacted strongly with RhoA and RhoC, weakly with RhoB, and not at all with Rac1 and Cdc42Hs. Full-length cDNAs were then isolated from a mouse brain library. While multiple splicing variants were common, we identified three cDNAs with an identical open reading frame encoding a 61-kDa protein
more » ... that we named rhotekin (from the Japanese "teki," meaning target). The N-terminal part of rhotekin, encoded by the initial cDNA and produced in bacteria as a glutathione S-transferase fusion protein, exhibited in vitro binding to 35 S-labeled guanosine 5-3-O-(thio)triphosphate-bound Rho, but not to Rac1 or Cdc42Hs in ligand overlay assays. In addition, this peptide inhibited both endogenous and GTPaseactivating protein-stimulated Rho GTPase activity. The amino acid sequence of this region shares ϳ30% identity with the Rho-binding domains of rhophilin and a serine/ threonine kinase, PKN, two other Rho target proteins that we recently identified (Watanabe, G., Saito, Y., 271, 645-648). Thus, not only is rhotekin a novel partner for Rho, but it also belongs to a wide family of proteins that bear a consensus Rho-binding sequence at the N terminus. To our knowledge, this is the first conserved sequence for Rho effectors, and we have termed this region Rho effector motif class 1.
doi:10.1074/jbc.271.23.13556 pmid:8662891 fatcat:l6vu3lazw5cnxgsq2ybmm7c5xi