Photophysical and Photochemical Properties and Aggregation Behavior of Phthalocyanine and Naphthalocyanine Derivatives
Journal of the Brazilian Chemical Society
The photophysical and photochemical properties of phthalocyanine and naphthalocyanine with similar structures were studied in solution and with density-functional theory (DFT) computational method. The extended π-conjugated system in naphthalocyanines causes a bathochromic shift in UV-Vis, emission and excitation bands, and promotes lesser generation of singlet oxygen in solution when compared to phthalocyanines. Time dependent DFT (TD-DFT) calculations point out the molecular orbitals involved
... r orbitals involved in Q-band transition, corresponding to highest occupied molecular orbital (HOMO) to lowest unoccupied molecular orbital (LUMO) transition with a concentration of charge along x-axis, while the transition to LUMO+1 is in y-axis direction. The presence of tert-butyl substituents does not affect the molecular orbitals shape, but affect their energies. Aggregation studies in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO):water solutions showed that naphthalocyanines studied have more aggregation tendency than the phthalocyanines. DFT studies indicated that stacked-dimers are preferred to rotated-stacked conformation due the interaction between Zn II and nitrogen atom from different monomers.