Possible Mechanisms of Action of Two Pseudomonas fluorescens Isolates as Probiotics on Saprolegniosis Control in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss Walbaum)
Probiotics have been proposed as one of the alternatives to the chemical treatments currently used in aquaculture. Recently, the possible usefulness of certain microorganisms, mainly bacteria, has been highlighted as a potential biocontrol for saprolegniosis. In the present work we investigated the possible mechanisms of action of two isolates of Pseudomonas fluorescens (LE89 and LE141) with proven ability to reduce Saprolegnia parasitica infection in rainbow trout under experimental conditions
... rimental conditions when they are added to the tank water. The stimulation of the innate immune response and the production of siderophores and bioactive substances inhibiting S. parasitica present in cells and supernatants of LE89 and LE141 were studied. Regarding the immune response the only noteworthy points were the increase in the phagocytic activity of macrophages and the concentration of serum proteins when LE141 was administered. Both bacteria produced siderophores. When analyzing the protein substances present in supernatants, it was observed that in both isolates the proteins with inhibitory activity present might be siderophores. In LE141, besides siderophores, a protein of 66 kDa was identified in the fraction responsible for inhibition. To sum up, the two P. fluorescens isolates might be usable for biocontrol of saprolegniosis and that the mode of action of these bacteria is likely to be related to the production of siderophores.