Evaluating the impact of road construction on landslide susceptibility- A case study of Mandi district, Himachal Pradesh, India
Landslide susceptibility mapping has proved to be crucial tool for effective disaster management and planning strategies in mountainous regions. The present study is perused to investigate the changes in the landslide susceptibility of the Mandi district of Himachal Pradesh due to road construction. For this purpose, an inventory of 1723 landslides was generated from various sources. Out of these, 1199 (70%) landslides were taken in the training dataset to be used for modelling and prediction
... ng and prediction purposes, while 524 (30%) landslides were taken in the testing dataset to be used for validation purposes. Eleven landslide causative factors were selected from numerous hydrological, geological and topographical factors and were analyzed for landslide susceptibility mapping using three bivariate statistical models, namely; Frequency Ratio (FR), Certainty Factor (CF) and Shanon Entropy (SE). Two sets of LSM maps i.e. landslide susceptibility map natural (LSMN) and landslide susceptibility map road (LSMR), were generated using the above mentioned bivariate models and were divided into five landslide susceptibility classes namely; very low, low, medium, high and very high. These maps were analyzed for accuracy of prediction and validation using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and area under curve (AUC) technique which indicated that all three bivariate statistical models performed satisfactorily with the SE model had the highest prediction and validation accuracy of 83-86%. Further analysis LSM maps confirmed that the percentage area in high and very high classes of land-slide susceptibility increased by 2.67-4.17% due to road construction activities in the study area.