Treatment of hypertension during the COVID-19 pandemic: questions about the blockade of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system
Arterial hypertension was one of the most common comorbidities associated with a high risk of death in hospitalized patients with COVID-19. Patients with hypertension are routinely and according to standards treated with angiotensinconverting enzyme inhibitors (ACE inhibitors) or angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) II. ACE inhibitors or ARB II are included in fixed combinations of antihypertensive drugs recommended for patients with uncomplicated hypertension, as well as when combined with
... combined with various comorbidities. During the COVID-19 pandemic, there were suggestions about the potential for a negative effect of drugs of these classes on the course and outcomes of a new coronavirus infection. There was a need for a quick response from the most reputable medical organizations to the question of the use of ACE inhibitors and ARB II during the COVID-19 pandemic. The expert position was soon published despite the lack of evidence from randomized clinical trials. Was there any reason for concern about the treatment of ACE inhibitors and ARB II for COVID-19? What are the relationships between the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and COVID-19? Is there any new data from clinical trials that can confirm or deny the previously presented position of professional societies regarding the use of RAAS blockers in COVID-19? What is the role of the difference in the mechanism of action of an ACE inhibitor and ARB II in COVID-19? Is it possible that RAAS blockers will be helpful in treating COVID-19? Will the tactics of hypertension pharmacotherapy change in the near future? In this review article, modern concepts on this problem are discussed and answers to the listed questions reflecting the achieved level of knowledge are formulated.