Epigenomic tumor evolution modeling with single-cell methylation data profiling [article]

Xuan C. Li, Yuelin Liu, Farid Rashidi Mehrabadi, Salem Malikić, Steve Mount, Eytan Ruppin, Kenneth Aldape, S. Cenk Sahinalp
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Recent studies on the heritability of methylation patterns in tumor cells, suggest that tumor heterogeneity and progression can be studied through methylation changes. To elucidate methylation-based evolution trajectories in tumors, we introduce a novel computational framework for methylation phylogeny reconstruction, leveraging single cell bisulfite treated whole genome sequencing data (scBS-seq), additionally incorporating copy number information inferred independently from matched single
more » ... RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) data, when available. Our framework consists of three components: (i) noise-minimizing site selection, (ii) likelihood-based sequencing error correction, and (iii) pairwise expected distance calculation for cells, all designed to mitigate the effect of noise and uncertainty due to data sparsity commonly observed in scBS-seq data. We validate our approach with the scBS-seq data of multi-regionally sampled colorectal cancer cells, and demonstrate that the cell lineages constructed by our method strongly correlate with original sampling regions. Additionally, we show that the constructed phylogeny can be used to impute missing entries, which, in turn, may help reduce sparsity issues in scBS-seq data sets.
doi:10.1101/2021.03.22.436475 fatcat:vsac7sy53jbi5jc7xgqp6tnode