The Ethnic and Cultural Pluralism Award
In a way, one might say that the meeting, which authorized the James Madison Award, also implicitly paid tribute to his collaborator John Jay who in Federalist No. 2, spoke of the United States as "one connected country" with "one united people-a people descended from the same ancestors, speaking the same language, professing the same religion, attached to the same principles of government, very similar in their manners and customs." Jay recognized, I think, the problematic character of
... l order, the ever-recurring problem of faction, the uncertainty of political community (shared moral order), and the order-disturbing character of ethnic conflict. Racial, religious, nationality, or linguistic groups may function more or less as "total life groups," to take a phrase from Charles Hyneman. While they may exist in a common institutional framework with other groups (e.g., a national economy or a national state), they function to a large degree as separated (or surely separable) peoples between whom there is little or no sense of shared moral order, community, or citizenship. Between them there may be reciprocal advantages, but little or no sense of reciprocal obligations or rights. To the extent that such a situation exists, one has an approximation of what (borrowing from J. S. Furnivall and M. G. Smith) may be called a plural society.