Study on the immunogenicity of pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT recombinant vector against Helicobacter pylori in BALB/c mice
Journal of Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences
and aims: The role of Helicobacter pylori in the development of gastric ulcer and gastrointestinal cancer was identified in this study. More precisely, the study focused on the creation of a DNA vaccine based on the cagT gene of this bacterium and the investigation of its immunogenicity against H. pylori in infused BALB/c mice. Materials and Methods: To this end, the pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT was prepared and transformed into Escherichia coli. Then, animals were injected with recombinant
... plasmid, pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT + nanoparticles, and pcDNA3.1(+). After the plasmid purification and confirmation of the transformation by digestion and polymerase chain reaction (PCR), chitosan nanoparticles were synthesized using the ionic gelation method. Next, the animals were classified into three groups each including 21 mice. The injectable solutions including pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT, pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT + nanoparticles, or empty pCDNA3.1 (as a control group) were injected into the quadriceps muscle of mice, separately. Finally, the blood and tissue samples of each mouse were collected 15, 30, and 45 days after the last injection, and the expression levels of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β1), interleukin-4 (IL-4), and interferon-gamma (IFNγ) were evaluated by real-time PCR. Results: The IFNγ and TGF-β1 expression increased in the infused mice (P<0.01) while the IL4 expression represented a significant decrease (P<0.01). Moreover, the IFNγ and IL4 expression level in pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT + nanoparticle significantly altered (P<0.01) compared to the pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT group although the TGF-β1 expression was not significantly different (P=0.075). Contrarily, the cagT gene expression in the tissue samples of both groups was significantly different 15, 30, and 45 days after the last injection (P<0.01). Eventually, the expression of the cagT gene in the infused mice by pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT and in the nanoparticle group was not significantly different 45 days after the last injection (P=0.105). Conclusion: In general, the decrease of IL-4 expression was observed in the injected mice by pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT and indicated that the immune system work by a Th1 pattern. The findings showed that a pcDNA3.1(+)-cagT construct combined with chitosan nanoparticles can increase the stimulation of the immune system in an animal model and thus it can be used as an appropriate method for controlling H. pylori infection.