The Mother's Manual. A Month by Month Guide for Young Mothers

1904 Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA)  
The fact is generally familiar to those concerned with public health matters that Massachusetts was the pioneer in establishing, some twenty years ago, a practical system of food and drug inspection. It is also universally recognized that the Massachusetts State Board of Health has in various ways given a powerful impetus to sanitary work of all kinds. Its activity has been displayed both in the original investigation of scientific problems and in the promotion of the publication of books and
more » ... tion of books and monographs dealing with the various undertakings in which it has been engaged. The present work on food inspection and analysis must rank as one of the most important that has issued from its laboratories. The book deals with the following topics: Food analysis and state control; the laboratory and its equipment; food, its functions, proximate components and nutritive value; general analytical methods; the microscope in food analysis; milk and milk products; flesh foods; eggs, cereals, legumes, etc.; tea, coffee and cocoa; spices; edi¬ ble oils and fats; sugar and saccharine products; alcoholic beverages; vinegar; artificial food colors; food preservatives; artificial sweeteners; canned vegetables and fruits products; flavoring extracts. Considerable attention is devoted to the use of the microscope in food analysis. Well-chosen figures il¬ lustrating the microscopic structure of powdered tea, coffee, cocoa and the spices appear in the text, and a valuable set of photomicrographs (40 plates) is appended to the volume. The book is no mere literary compilation. The methods that it de¬ tails have been mastered rather than copied, and we are given the full benefit of a wide, first-hand laboratory experience. It is not too much to say of the work that it takes its place at once as the authoritative standard in the English language. During the five years that have elapsed since the appearance of the first edition of this book, the advancements in pathology, particularly along certain lines, have made it necessary to practically rewrite much of the work, and this is what the author has done. The greatest changes are in the chapters on the pathology of the blood, on inflammation and on the pathology of infection and immunity. The need of a more uniform classification of the varieties of lecucocytes is apparent, as the terms applied to the same kind of cell by different writers are confusing to one not perfectly familiar with the subject. The greatest advancements in the future are to be hoped for along clinical lines, hence "The Pathology of the Blood Plasma" forms a very interesting chapter. The modern conception of infection and immunity as set forth by Ehrlich in his side chain theory is well presented. The various theories concerning the etiology of carcinoma and sarcoma, about which so much interest has centered of late, are clearly stated, and while the author leaves the matter still an open question, it is plain that he leans toward the non-parasite side. The illustra¬ tions are few in number, only 33, but the clearness of the text makes up largely for the deficiency. The general makeup of the volume is good. This very readable book discusses the universal need for exercise, how and where it should be taken, what kinds are best for all ages and ends with a complete system of fully illustrated movements for individual use without apparatus. They will not particularly interest the athlete or the one who already has access to means of exercise; to one of sedentary habits they are to be recommended. The author's competency to speak on the subject leaves nothing to be desired. He adds excellent advice as to bathing and food. Although an enthusiastic advocate of athletic sports for women, he cautions that their standards should be carefully maintained far below those of men and highly competitive matches avoided. The latter, he says, develop women away from some of their most desirable feminine qualities. In speaking of golf as a valuable sport for women he refers to its power in making the waist and abdomen more fit for the requirements of child birth. The publishers have made the book very presentable. Either they or the author are responsible, however, for the ancient spell¬ ing: "vigour," "odour," "favour," "labour," which look very odd in this country.
doi:10.1001/jama.1904.02500210054025 fatcat:dfoluocrf5btrdapbyyekp3vou