Thermodynamic uncertainty relation for first-passage times on Markov chains [article]

Arnab Pal, Shlomi Reuveni, Saar Rahav
2021 arXiv   pre-print
We derive a thermodynamic uncertainty relation (TUR) for first-passage times (FPTs) on continuous time Markov chains. The TUR utilizes the entropy production coming from bidirectional transitions, and the net flux coming from unidirectional transitions, to provide a lower bound on FPT fluctuations. As every bidirectional transition can also be seen as a pair of separate unidirectional ones, our approach typically yields an ensemble of TURs. The tightest bound on FPT fluctuations can then be
more » ... ined from this ensemble by a simple and physically motivated optimization procedure. The results presented herein are valid for arbitrary initial conditions, out-of-equilibrium dynamics, and are therefore well suited to describe the inherently irreversible first-passage event. They can thus be readily applied to a myriad of first-passage problems that arise across a wide range of disciplines.
arXiv:2103.16578v1 fatcat:jbnrzwz5mnd7pdkhsuhi46xa54