El Futuro del Pasado
It's often repeated that women did not take part in the ancient Olympics, but this affirmation needs certain notes. The reasons because of which the sport for women in Ancient Greece and their competitions were always closely tied to the cult and religious context on which they took place are studied on these pages. Nevertheless some evidences from Roman imperial age have made that various scholars raised the possibility of sport for women getting detached of their highly close bonds with
... se bonds with initiating and premarriage rituals; even being included in the great sport competitions, maybe more as a spectacle that as a cult ceremony. Abstract: In Classical Greece, the institution of democracy in Athens allowed all its citizens to get access to politics, but athletics were only played by the elite of the society. This paper deals with the ties between democracy and sport practice in Athens, looking for and analyzing the reasons because of which athletics were highly valued and supported by the lower class. This support was made through pro-sport politics, in the management of sporting infrastructure and protection of athletics from the public criticism that was normally directed at the upper class and its conspicuous activities. One of those reasons was the conception of sporting events and war-battles in identical terms. ANALYTICAL SUMMARY field, and particularly the Neo-Pentecostal one and its appearance and spread in sports, mainly football. By using data taken from doctoral research, it will be possible to demonstrate, without claiming to be exhaustive, that there is a spread of evangelicalism in football which is making this religious movement grow out of the status of a «peripheral or marginal religion for Brazilians» (Carvalho, 1999, p. 3), and turning it into a «dominant» religion almost as important as Catholicism, with regard to the world of football. Moreover, this text will try to show that, with reference to the group called Athletes of Christ, the interest in evangelicalism in the field of sports is not a recent phenomenon but it traces its origins to the heritage of Muscular Christianity, which dates back to the Victorian Age . Finally, this text aims to stimulate reflection on a fundamental contemporary theme, i.e. the phenomenon of religion in public space. Abstract: Other aspects of historical nature, the distinction between nomos-physis, operated in the archaic Greek world, meant that socio-cultural structures will be intrinsic to the world, to be conventional and imposed to the natural order, a fact which broke the traditional mythical discourse (nature and culture) correlations, and began to distinguish between humanity and the world. Despite this twist, the myth did not disappear nor was it entirely overcome or forgotten. In this sense, the proposal offered in this work is theoretical observation of the conduct and influence of the myth in what has conceptualized as «philosophical» in Greece antiquity. Abstract: Three institutions include the early twentieth century in Salamanca in the field of musical activity: Escuela de Nobles y Bellas Artes de San Eloy, the activity of «Padres Salesianos» through various locations and «La Normal de Maestros» belonging to the University of Salamanca. This article seeks, through a brief tour supported by the local press at the time, present the main musical activities performed by them in the context of the city of Salamanca. Abstract: The article is an examination of the status of women in Italy during the Fascist period, which was a period of deep regression regarding their rights. First we focused on the discrimination suffered by women in the legal, social and especially political field, with yet another denial of the right to vote. Then we tried to describe the status of women in the Fascist regime analyzing the way in which women was described in the press of the time, especially in female magazines, which had to help widespreading the ideal Fascism wanted to accomplish. Several newspapers were founded in this period, all very useful to understand what was the image of women in the printing of the Fascist era and then, by extension, in society itself. Finally it is shown how Fascism had ended up relegating women to the single role of wives and mothers, considering them less than men and thus placing them in a position of deep subordination. Furthermore, in order to better inculcate in them the principles of the regime, these were framed in various mass organizations, such as the female Fasci, through which to implement a strict control against all dissent. Abstract: This paper proposes a re-reading of the first book published by the philosopher and historian Hayden White, The Emergence of Liberal Humanism (1966). This text is intended to achieve three main goals. The first is to put into con-text what was said by the author in one of his most and well-known provocative articles, «The Burden of History» (1966). The ideological limits which framed The Emergence should serve the reader to make to get in touch with a «White» before Metahistory. Secondly, this paper tries to explain and decodify the procedures of aesthetic ideology that shaped White as an author, and as we shall see, the so-called liberal humanism, which can be summarized as an aesthetic construction of post-FDR American liberalism. And thirdly, it seeks to provide a formalist interpretation claiming the importance in the study of historical writing of what White himself called «the content of the form». The ideological meanings of narrative forms used in this work are a good example of the importance of this approach. Abstract: The main goal of this current article is identifying the conception of the one in the disciplines of philosophy, sociology, psychoanalisis and logotherapy; in the perspective of the subject's objective choice. In order to accomplish the study of such conceptions, one and its choice, besides the specialists from each discipline already mentioned, distinct author's conceptions have also been considered. Their overlay contributes to a better understanding of current interests concerning the process of choice by each person, as well as the basic principles which lead one. As result, the standpoint that leads one to choose an object, isn't necessarily identical to the objective importance that the object has itself: an object of choice such as vocation, may be not only a value itself, but also chosen by deeply personal reasons and interests.