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Recent experimental and theoretical approaches have attempted to quantify the physical organization (compaction and geometry) of the bacterial chromosome with its complement of proteins (the nucleoid). The genomic DNA exists in a complex and dynamic protein-rich state, which is highly organised at various length scales. This has implications on modulating (when not enabling) the core biological processes of replication, transcription, segregation. We overview the progress in this area, drivendoi:10.1088/0034-4885/75/7/076602 pmid:22790781 fatcat:2b7s5pjzfzf75k3pbd4ulx3sia