MEMIS: Multimodal Emergency Management Information System [chapter]

Mansi Agarwal, Maitree Leekha, Ramit Sawhney, Rajiv Ratn Shah, Rajesh Kumar Yadav, Dinesh Kumar Vishwakarma
2020 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The recent upsurge in the usage of social media and the multimedia data generated therein has attracted many researchers for analyzing and decoding the information to automate decision-making in several fields. This work focuses on one such application: disaster management in times of crises and calamities. The existing research on disaster damage analysis has primarily taken only unimodal information in the form of text or image into account. These unimodal systems, although useful, fail to
more » ... el the relationship between the various modalities. Different modalities often present supporting facts about the task, and therefore, learning them together can enhance performance. We present MEMIS, a system that can be used in emergencies like disasters to identify and analyze the damage indicated by user-generated multimodal social media posts, thereby helping the disaster management groups in making informed decisions. Our leave-one-disaster-out experiments on a multimodal dataset suggest that not only does fusing information in different media forms improves performance, but that our system can also generalize well to new disaster categories. Further qualitative analysis reveals that the system is responsive and computationally efficient.
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-45439-5_32 fatcat:tnhslpgcivgrrhmwlpterv2yeq