Lithium-Bearing Hydrothermal Alteration Phyllosilicates Related to Portalet Fluorite Ore (Pyrenees, Huesca, Spain)

J. M. Gonzlez Lopez, I. Subias Pirez, C. Fernandez-Nieto, I. Fanlo Gonzalez
1993 Clay minerals  
Phyllosilicate associations in hydrothermally altered fluorite ore bodies are: Li-chlorite ± pyrophyllite ± interstratified minerals ± muscovite +± kaolinite. Chlorites, the main alteration minerals, are dioctahedral, d060 = 1.489-1-490/~" of Ia polytype. The structural formulae indicate substitution of AI for Si from 0.61-0.78 atoms. The total octahedral occupancy ranges from 4.52-4-71 atoms, with 0.49-0-69 Li atoms per half cell unit. This composition indicates that the chlorites are
more » ... ate members of the donbassite-cookeite series proposed by Sudo (1978). The mineralogical associations and textural relations suggest that after intensive silicification which produced alkali alteration under acid conditions, pyrophyllite was produced at the expense of muscovite and then Li-bearing donbassite formed from the pyrophyllite. The Li needed for the formation of the chlorites could be genetically related to granitic batholiths which occur close to the fluorite ores.
doi:10.1180/claymin.1993.028.2.08 fatcat:t2b3rrdvnfak5gan52rl6euray