VEGFA Isoforms in Head and Neck Cancer Asian Pac
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Overexpression of proangiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor A family VEGFA xxx is associated with tumor growth and metastasis. The role of the alternatively spliced antiangiogenic family VEGFA xxx b is poorly investigated in head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCCs). The antiangiogenic isoform binds to bevacizumab and its expression level could influence the treatment response and progression-free survival. In this study, the relative expression of VEGFA xxx and VEGFA 165 b
... and splicing regulatory factors genes was investigated in a series of HNSCCs. Methods: VEGFA xxx , VEGFA 165 b, SRSF6, SRSF5, SRSF1 and SRPK1 gene expression was quantified by quantitative real time PCR in 53 tissue samples obtained by surgery from HNSCC patients. Protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Results: VEGFA xxx and VEGFA 165 b were overexpressed in HNSCCs. Elevated protein expression was also confirmed. However, VEGFA isoforms demonstrated differential expression according to anatomical sites. VEGFA xxx was overexpressed in pharyngeal tumors while the VEGFA 165 b isoform was up-regulated in oral tumors. The VEGFA 165 b isoform was also positively correlated with expression of the splicing regulatory genes SRSF1, SRSF6 and SRSF5. Conclusions: We concluded that VEGFA xxx and VEGFA 165 b isoforms are overexpressed in HNSCCs and the splicing regulatory factors SRSF1, SRSF6, SRSF5 and SRPK1 may contribute to alternative splicing of the VEGFA gene. The findings for the differential expression of the antiangiogenic isoform in HNSCCs could facilitate effective therapeutic strategies for the management of these tumors.