Assortment of Stauntonia hexaphylla and Cornus officinalis protect against testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia through anti-inflammatory and anti-proliferative activity [article]

Ju Young Jung, Shanika Srideevi Lakmini Karunasagara, Geum Lan Hong, Da Young Jung, Eun Jeon Koh, Kyoung Won Cho, Sun Sung Park, Kyung Hyun Kim
2019 bioRxiv   pre-print
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a progressive pathological condition associated with proliferation of prostatic tissues, prostate enlargement, and lower-urinary tract symptoms. However, the mechanism underlying the pathogenesis of BPH is not clear. The aim of this study was to investigate the protective effects of Stauntonia hexaphylla and Cornus officinalis (SC extract) on a testosterone propionate (TP)-induced BPH model. For in vitro experiments, a human prostate adenocarcinoma cell
more » ... was used to perform western blotting for androgen receptor (AR), prostate specific antigen (PSA), and 5α-reductase type 2. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into 8 groups as follows for the in vivo experiments: control, BPH, Fina, Saw, SC25, SC50, SC100, and SC200. To induce BPH, all rats, except those in the control group, were daily administered with subcutaneous injections of TP (5 mg/kg), and orally treated with appropriate PBS/drugs for 4 consecutive weeks. Our findings indicated that the SC treatment significantly reduced the prostate size and downregulated the serum testosterone and DHT levels in BPH rats. The histological examination revealed that SC treatment markedly recovered the TP-induced abnormalities and reduced the prostatic hyperplasia. In addition, in vitro and in vivo western blotting indicated that SC treatment significantly downregulated the AR, PSA, and 5α-reductase type 2 expression, while an immunohistochemistry examination revealed that the SC extract significantly reduced the expression of type 2 5α-reductase and proliferating cell nuclear antigen positive cell count. Collectively, our findings demonstrated that SC extract attenuates BPH through anti-proliferative and anti-inflammation activities and might be useful in the clinical treatment of BPH. Key words: BPH, SC extract, testosterone, DHT, 5α-reductase type 2
doi:10.1101/819474 fatcat:jjz4q4phwvd3vokmansciw2pdu