Prediction of Malignant Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction via Computed Tomography Radiomics

Xuehua Wen, Yumei Li, Xiaodong He, Yuyun Xu, Zhenyu Shu, Xingfei Hu, Junfa Chen, Hongyang Jiang, Xiangyang Gong
2020 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Malignant middle cerebral artery infarction (mMCAi) is a serious complication of cerebral infarction usually associated with poor patient prognosis. In this retrospective study, we analyzed clinical information as well as non-contrast computed tomography (NCCT) and computed tomography angiography (CTA) data from patients with cerebral infarction in the middle cerebral artery (MCA) territory acquired within 24 h from symptoms onset. Then, we aimed to develop a model based on the radiomics
more » ... re to predict the development of mMCAi in cerebral infarction patients. Patients were divided randomly into training (n = 87) and validation (n = 39) sets. A total of 396 texture features were extracted from each NCCT image from the 126 patients. The least absolute shrinkage and selection operator regression analysis was used to reduce the feature dimension and construct an accurate radiomics signature based on the remaining texture features. Subsequently, we developed a model based on the radiomics signature and Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS) based on NCCT to predict mMCAi. Our prediction model showed a good predictive performance with an AUC of 0.917 [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.863-0.972] and 0.913 [95% CI, 0.795-1] in the training and validation sets, respectively. Additionally, the decision curve analysis (DCA) validated the clinical efficacy of the combined risk factors of radiomics signature and ASPECTS based on NCCT in the prediction of mMCAi development in patients with acute stroke across a wide range of threshold probabilities. Our research indicates that radiomics signature can be an instrumental tool to predict the risk of mMCAi.
doi:10.3389/fnins.2020.00708 pmid:32733197 pmcid:PMC7358521 fatcat:fhwqy7c5frbcrimpxptudlgoc4