Holographic Micromirror Array with Diffuse Areas for Accurate Calibration of 3D Light-Field Display

Lode Jorissen, Ryutaro Oi, Koki Wakunami, Yasuyuki Ichihashi, Gauthier Lafruit, Kenji Yamamoto, Philippe Bekaert, Boaz Jessie Jackin
2020 Applied Sciences  
Light field 3D displays require a precise alignment between the display source and the micromirror-array screen for error free 3D visualization. Hence, calibrating the system using an external camera becomes necessary, before displaying any 3D contents. The inter-dependency of the intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of display-source, calibration-camera, and micromirror-array screen, makes the calibration process very complex and error-prone. Thus, several assumptions are made with regard to the
more » ... display setup, in order to simplify the calibration. A fully automatic calibration method based on several such assumptions was reported by us earlier. Here, in this paper, we report a method that uses no such assumptions, but yields a better calibration. The proposed method adapts an optical solution where the micromirror-array screen is fabricated as a computer generated hologram with a tiny diffuser engraved at one corner of each elemental micromirror in the array. The calibration algorithm uses these diffusing areas as markers to determine the relation between the pixels of display source and the mirrors in the micromirror-array screen. Calibration results show that virtually reconstructed 3D scenes align well with the real world contents, and are free from any distortion. This method also eliminates the position dependency of display source, calibration-camera, and mirror-array screen during calibration, which enables easy setup of the display system.
doi:10.3390/app10207188 fatcat:qpidiseb4zhuxkzjbtslgzny7a