Ranking Information Extracted from Uncertainty Quantification of the Prediction of a Deep Learning Model on Medical Time Series Data

Ruxandra Stoean, Catalin Stoean, Miguel Atencia, Roberto Rodríguez-Labrada, Gonzalo Joya
2020 Mathematics  
Uncertainty quantification in deep learning models is especially important for the medical applications of this complex and successful type of neural architectures. One popular technique is Monte Carlo dropout that gives a sample output for a record, which can be measured statistically in terms of average probability and variance for each diagnostic class of the problem. The current paper puts forward a convolutional–long short-term memory network model with a Monte Carlo dropout layer for
more » ... ning information regarding the model uncertainty for saccadic records of all patients. These are next used in assessing the uncertainty of the learning model at the higher level of sets of multiple records (i.e., registers) that are gathered for one patient case by the examining physician towards an accurate diagnosis. Means and standard deviations are additionally calculated for the Monte Carlo uncertainty estimates of groups of predictions. These serve as a new collection where a random forest model can perform both classification and ranking of variable importance. The approach is validated on a real-world problem of classifying electrooculography time series for an early detection of spinocerebellar ataxia 2 and reaches an accuracy of 88.59% in distinguishing between the three classes of patients.
doi:10.3390/math8071078 fatcat:yz5msrnq35cg7j7re4gyonxkrm