A Review of Linguistic Views in Shams Qays's Al-Mo'jam (Dictionary)

Tahere Musazadeh Moghadam, Mahmoud Mehravaran, Aqdas Fatehi
2019 Literary Arts  
1- Introduction Shams Qays Razi's book entitled Al-Mo'jam fi Ma'ayeer Ash'ar Al-'Ajam (The Dictionary of Criteria for Persian Poems), one of the most important sources of poetics written in the 7th ('AH'), is about eloquence, prosody, and rhyme. In the chapter on rhyme, the author not only discusses about its rules but also about grammar and linguistic issues, which is one of the oldest discussions about the language itself and its developments. Based on a thematic classification in
more » ... tion in linguistics, the present paper reviews and analyzes Shams Razi's different views. 2- Theoretical Framework The theoretical foundations of the present paper are modern linguistics and its rules which are compared and contrasted with Qays's views. In his book, Shams sometimes mentions some points which can help us pronounce the words correctly and inform us about some issues related to the history of Persian language. The authors try to find his view about standard language of his own time, his familiarity with some features of old Khorasan's dialects, his way of naming phones and prepositions, accuracy or inaccuracy of some of his views in order to know that there were linguistic views about language in old times but with some differences with modern ones. 3- Methodology A descriptive-analytical method is used in this paper. The authors have completely studied Al-Mo'jam and compared and contrasted its author's view with the foundations and rules of linguistics. 4- Results and Discussion Attention to language and rules governing it is one of the most important issues discussed in some old books and texts. The function and features of language have long been noted by literary men, particularly writers. No doubt, past linguistic studies were more about compiling dictionaries, etymology, manner of articulation, some linguistic developments, and writing rules, because written form was more important and [...]
doi:10.22108/liar.2019.115672.1575 doaj:ce68a1eb950e4f9e9da367e9ef0894e9 fatcat:7kuzntlznbb53becu2ldyqsq2e