Realistic Biomechanical Simulation and Control of Human Swimming

Weiguang Si, Sung-Hee Lee, Eftychios Sifakis, Demetri Terzopoulos
2014 ACM Transactions on Graphics  
We address the challenging problem of controlling a complex biomechanical model of the human body to synthesize realistic swimming animation. Our human model includes all of the relevant articular bones and muscles, including 103 bones (comprising 163 articular degrees of freedom) plus a total of 823 muscle actuators embedded in a finite element model of the musculotendinous soft tissues of the body that produces realistic deformations. To coordinate the numerous muscle actuators in order to
more » ... duce natural swimming movements, we develop a biomimetically motivated motor control system based on Central Pattern Generators (CPG), which learns to produce activation signals that drive the numerous muscle actuators.
doi:10.1145/2626346 fatcat:b2z6umywfnbphkeka324derm4q