Layer-by-layer carbon nanotube bio-templates for in situ monitoring of the metabolic activity of nitrifying bacteria

Kenneth J. Loh, Jeremy S. Guest, Genevieve Ho, Jerome P. Lynch, Nancy G. Love, Tribikram Kundu
2009 Health Monitoring of Structural and Biological Systems 2009  
Despite the wide variety of effective disinfection and wastewater treatment techniques for removing organic and inorganic wastes, pollutants such as nitrogen remain in wastewater effluents. If left untreated, these nitrogenous wastes can adversely impact the environment by promoting the overgrowth of aquatic plants, depleting dissolved oxygen, and causing eutrophication. Although nitrification/denitrification processes are employed during advanced wastewater treatment, effective and efficient
more » ... ive and efficient operation of these facilities require information of the pH, dissolved oxygen content, among many other parameters, of the wastewater effluent. In this preliminary study, a biocompatible CNT-based nanocomposite is proposed and validated for monitoring the biological metabolic activity of nitrifying bacteria in wastewater effluent environments (i.e., to monitor the nitrification process). Using carbon nanotubes and a pH-sensitive conductive polymer (i.e., poly(aniline) emeraldine base), a layer-by-layer fabrication technique is employed to fabricate a novel thin film pH sensor that changes its electrical properties in response to variations in ambient pH environments. Laboratory studies are conducted to evaluate the proposed nanocomposite's biocompatibility with wastewater effluent environments and its pH sensing performance. Downloaded From: http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/ on 09/27/2014 Terms of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms Proc. of SPIE Vol. 7295 72951T-2 Downloaded From: http://proceedings.spiedigitallibrary.org/ on 09/27/2014 Terms of Use: http://spiedl.org/terms
doi:10.1117/12.815995 fatcat:xxqsboy55vf6nbxqcokyj4mdlu