The role of echocardiography and CT angiography in transcatheter aortic valve implantation patients

Emmanouil Chourdakis, Ioanna Koniari, Nicholas G Kounis, Dimitrios Velissaris, Nikolaos Koutsogiannis, Grigorios Tsigkas, Karl Eugen Hauptmann, Bruno Sontag, George Hahalis
2018 Journal of Geriatric Cardiology  
The transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) consist an alternative treatment in patients with severe aortic stenosis. Multimodality imaging using transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) or transesophageal echocardiography (TOE) and multislice CT (MSCT) constitute cornerstone techniques for the pre-operative management, peri-procedural guidance, follow up and recognition of possible transcatheter valve related complications. CT angiography is much more accurate regarding the total definition
more » ... of aortic annulus diameter and circumferential area. Two-dimensional (2D) echocardiography, underestimates the aortic valve annulus diameter compared to 3D imaging techniques (MSCT, MRI and 3D TOE). Three-dimensional TOE imaging provides measurements of the aortic valve annulus similar to those delivered by MSCT. The pre-procedural MSCT constitutes the gold standard modality minimizing the presence of paravalvular aortic regurgitation, one of the most frequent complications. TOE/TTE and MSCT performance could predict the possibility of pacemaker implantation post-procedural. The presence of a new transient or persisting MR can be assessed well by TOE. Both TTE and TOE, consist initially the basic examination for post TAVI evaluation. In case of transcatheter heart valve failure, the MSCT could be used as additional imaging technique.
doi:10.11909/j.issn.1671-5411.2018.01.006 pmid:29434630 pmcid:PMC5803542 fatcat:pa6qrdrurjbcvb3jvywc4pn2eq