Quercetin Intervention Alleviates Offspring's Oxidative Stress, Inflammation, and Tight Junction Damage in the Colon Induced by Maternal Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) Exposure through the Reduction of Bacteroides
The influences of maternal fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure on intestinal oxidative stress, inflammation, tight junctions, and gut microbiota of offspring are not well understood. Moreover, research on the dietary intervention method has not been well studied. In our study, dams received PM2.5 and quercetin intervention during gestation and lactation, and then inflammation biomarkers, oxidative stress indicators, tight junction proteins, and gut microbiota in the colon of offspring were
... n of offspring were analyzed. Compared with the control group, lower catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities, higher interleukin-17A (IL-17A) and interleukin-22 (IL-22), decreased ZO-1 and occludin expressions, and higher Bacteroides abundance were observed in the offspring mice of the PM2.5 group. However, higher CAT and SOD activities, lower IL-17A and IL-22 levels, increased ZO-1 and occludin expressions, and lower Bacteroides abundance were found in the quercetin groups. In addition, there was a negative correlation between Bacteroides abundance and CAT concentration. Additionally, Bacteroides abundance was positively related to IL-17A and IL-22 levels. These findings suggest that maternal PM2.5 exposure may have some certain effects on intestinal oxidative stress, inflammation, and tight junctions. Quercetin administration may protect the offspring against these adverse effects. Changes of Bacteroides abundance play an important role in the process.