Two-dimensionalin vivodose verification using portal imaging and correlation ratios
Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics
The electronic portal imaging device (EPID) has the potential to be used for in vivo dosimetry during radiation therapy as an additional dose delivery check. In this study we have extended a method developed by A. Piermattei and colleagues in 2006 that made use of EPID transit images (acquired during treatment) to calculate dose in the isocenter point. The extension allows calculation of two-dimensional dose maps of the entire radiation field at the depth of isocenter. We quantified the
... ity of the ratio of EPID signal to dose in the isocenter plane in Solid Water phantoms of various thicknesses and with various field sizes, and designed a field edge dose calculation correction. To validate the method, we designed three realistic conventional radiation therapy treatment plans on a thorax and head anthropomorphic phantom (whole brain, brain primary, lung tumor). Using CT data, EPID transit images, EPID signal-to-dose correlation, and our edge correction, we calculated dose in the isocenter plane and compared it with the treatment planning system's prediction. Gamma evaluation (3%, 3 mm) showed good agreement (P γ<1 ≥ 96.5%) for all fields of the whole brain and brain primary plans. In the presence of lung, however, our algorithm overestimated dose by 7%-9%. This 2D EPID-based in vivo dosimetry method can be used for posttreatment dose verification, thereby improving the safety and quality of patient treatments. With future work, it may be extended to measure dose in real time and to prevent harmful delivery errors.